Substance Use & Misuse 2014;49(10:1270-1277. [doi: 10.3109/10826084.2014.891622]
Bryan Hartzler, PhD, Blair Beadnell, PhD, Donald A. Calsyn (all from the University of Washington, PN Node).
Sexual risk is an important, oft-neglected area in addiction treatment. This report examines computerized sexual risk assessment and client feedback at intake as a means of enhancing counselor awareness of client risk behavior during early treatment, as well as any clinical impact of that counselor awareness. In 2009-2011, new clients at two treatment programs participating in the Pacific Northwest Node of the National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network (one an opiate treatment program, the other drug-free) used a computer-assisted assessment at intake to endorse 90-day retrospective indices for: being sexually active, having multiple partners, having sex under drug influence, and inconsistently using condoms. Clients were randomly assigned in a 2:1 ratio to receive or not receive a personal feedback report, and those receiving a report chose if a counselor copy was also distributed. Ninety days later, retained clients (N=79) repeated the assessment and their counselors concurrently reported perceptions of recent client risk behavior.
Based on client reports, pretreatment risk behaviors were prevalent among men and women and remained so during treatment. A general linear model revealed greater counselor awareness of subsequent client risk behavior with mutual distribution of intake feedback reports to client and counselor, and at the opiate treatment program. A repeated-measures analysis of variance indicated that counselor awareness did not predict change in temporally stable patterns of sexual risk behavior.
Conclusions: Findings document that computerized intake assessment of sexual risk and mutually distributed feedback reports prompt greater counselor awareness of clients' subsequent risk behavior. Future research is needed to determine how best to prepare counselors to use such awareness to effectively prompt risk reduction in routine care. (Article (Peer-Reviewed), PDF, English, 2014)
Keywords: Condom use | CTN platform/ancillary study | Sexual risk behavior | Sexually transmitted diseases | Substance Use & Misuse (journal)
Document No: 1050, PMID: 24597915, PMCID: PMC4154598.
Submitted by CTN Dissemination Librarians, 3/11/2014.