Use your browser's back button to choose another title or click here for a New Search.

How to Get the Article

 Email CTN Library (free)

PubMed Central (free)

Journal subscriber access








Bookmark and Share


Implementation of Integrated Therapies for Comorbid Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and Substance Use Disorders in Community Substance Abuse Treatment Programs.

Drug and Alcohol Review 2015;34(3):234-241. [doi: 10.1111/dar.12229]

Therese K. Killeen, PhD, Sudie E. Back, PhD, Kathleen T. Brady, MD, PhD (all from Medical University of South Carolina, SC Node).

The high prevalence of trauma and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in individuals with substance use disorders (SUDs) presents a number of treatment challenges for community treatment providers and programs in the U.S. Although several evidence-based, integrated therapies for the treatment of comorbid PTSD/SUD have been developed, rates of utilization of such practices remain low in community treatment programs. The goal of this article was to review the extant literature on common barriers that prevent adoption and implementation of integrated treatments for PTSD/SUD among substance abuse community treatment programs. Organizational, provider-level and patient-level factors that drive practice decisions were discussed, including organizational philosophy of care policies, funding and resources, as well as provider and patient knowledge and attitudes related to implementation of new integrated treatments for comorbid PTSD as SUD.

Conclusions: Despite increasing awareness of the need to address comorbid PTSD and SUD, organization-, provider- and patient-level factors present challenges to the implementation of integrated therapies in front line community substance abuse treatment programs. Understanding and addressing these challenges may facilitate use of evidence-based integrated treatments for comorbid PTSD and SUD. (Article (Peer-Reviewed), PDF, English, 2015)

Keywords: Adoption of interventions | Attitudes of health personnel | Community health services | Co-occurring disorders | CTN platform/ancillary study | Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) | Drug and Alcohol Review (journal)

Document No: 1133, PMID: 25737377, PMCID: PMC4737595.

Submitted by CTN Dissemination Librarians, 3/11/2015.


Back, Sudie E. mail
Brady, Kathleen T. mail
Killeen, Therese K. mail
NIDA-CTN-0015 www

dark blue line
Supported by a grant from the National Institute on Drug Abuse to the University of Washington Alcohol and Drug Abuse Institute.
The materials on this site have neither been created nor reviewed by NIDA.
Updated 5/2016 --
dark blue line