Use your browser's back button to choose another title or click here for a New Search.

How to Get the Article

 Email CTN Library (free)

PubMed Central (free)

Journal subscriber access






Bookmark and Share



Implementation of Network for the Improvement of Addiction Treatment (NIATx) Processes in Substance Use Disorder Treatment Centers.

Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research 2016;43(3): 354-365. [doi: 10.1007/s11414-015-9466-7]

Dan Fields, PhD (University of Georgia), Hannah K. Knudsen, PhD (University of Kentucky), Paul M. Roman, PhD (University of Georgia).

Internal process improvements embedded within the Network for Improvement of Addiction Treatment (NIATx) program are promising innovations for improving substance use disorder (SUD) treatment performance, such as engagement and retention. To date, few studies have examined the variables that may increase diffusion and implementation of NIATx innovations. This study investigates organization characteristics associated with SUD treatment center utilization of NIATx process improvements in a sample of 458 treatment programs, including programs participating in NIDA's National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network (CTN). Overall, 19% had utilized NIATx process improvements. After statistically controlling environmental factors, five organizational variables were associated with the likelihood that treatment centers used NIATx processes. Organization size, administrative intensity, membership in a provider association, and participation in the CTN were positively associated with the odds of utilizing NIATx processes, while the association for the level of slack resources was negative.

Conclusions: From a practical perspective, this study illustrates that the willingness of treatment centers to undertake process improvements through NIATx processes can be explained to a large extent by organizational factors. Policies and related supportive efforts may be required to facilitate diffusion and implementation of NIATx processes to affect SUD treatment center performance and capacity. (Article (Peer-Reviewed), PDF, English, 2016)

Keywords: Health services research | National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network | National Treatment Center Study (NTCS) | Network for Improvement of Addiction Treatment (NIATx) | Process improvement | Research participation | Retention - Treatment | Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research (journal)

Document No: 1139, PMID: 25934355, PMCID: PMC4630212.

Submitted by CTN Dissemination Librarians, 5/4/2015.

Fields, Dan mail
Knudsen, Hannah K. mail
Roman, Paul M. mail

dark blue line
Supported by a grant from the National Institute on Drug Abuse to the University of Washington Alcohol and Drug Abuse Institute.
The materials on this site have neither been created nor reviewed by NIDA.
Updated 7/2017 --
dark blue line