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Gender Differences in HIV Sexual Risk Behaviors Among Clients of Substance Use Disorder Treatment Programs in the U.S.

Archives of Sexual Behavior 2017;46(4):1151-1158. [doi: 10.1007/s10508-015-0686-y]

Yue Pan, MS (University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, FNA Node), Lisa R. Metsch, PhD (Columbia University, FNA Node), Weize Wang (Florida International University), Ke-Sheng Wang, PhD (East Tennessee State University), Rui Duan, MPH (University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, FNA Node), Tiffany L. Kyle, PhD (Aspire Health Partners, FNA Node), Lauren K. Gooden, PhD, MPH (University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, FNA Node), Daniel J. Feaster, PhD (University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, FNA Node).

This study examined differences in sexual risk behaviors by gender and over time among 1281 patients (777 males and 504 females) from 12 community-based substance use disorder treatment programs throughout the United States participating in CTN-0032, a randomized controlled trial conducted within the NIDA Clinical Trials Network. Zero-inflated negative binomial and negative binomial models were used in the statistical analysis. Results indicated significant reductions in most types of sexual risk behaviors among substance users regardless of the intervention arms. There were also significant gender differences in sexual risk behaviors. Men (compared with women) reported more condomless sex acts with their non-primary partners (IRR=1.80, 95% CI 1.21–2.69) and condomless anal sex acts (IRR=1.74, 95% CI 1.11–2.72), but fewer condomless sex partners (IRR=0.87, 95% CI 0.77–0.99), condomless vaginal sex acts (IRR=0.83, 95%CI 0.69–1.00), and condomless sex acts within 2 hours of using drugs or alcohol (IRR=0.70, 95%CI 0.53–0.90).

Conclusions: Significant reductions in most types of sexual risk behaviors were observed among participants in substance use disorder treatment, in the forms of increased abstinence and decreased number of condomless sex acts. These findings provide evidence that substance use disorder treatment may lead to HIV risk reduction. For the most part, gender differences showed women to have higher levels of risk than men, having more unprotected sex with primary partners and partners of unknown HIV status than men. Women also reported 30% more condomless sex acts within two hours of using drugs or alcohol compared to men in the study group. Gender-specific intervention approaches are called for in substance use disorder treatment. (Article (Peer-Reviewed), PDF, English, 2016)

Keywords: Condom use | CTN platform/ancillary study | Gender differences | HIV/AIDS | Sexual risk behavior | Sexually transmitted diseases | Women | Archives of Sexual Behavior (journal)

Document No: 1189, PMID: 26892100.

Submitted by CTN Dissemination Librarians, 3/2/2016.

Duan, Rui
Feaster, Daniel J. mail
Gooden, Lauren K. mail
Kyle, Tiffany L. mail
Metsch, Lisa R. mail
Pan, Yue mail
Wang, Ke-Sheng
Wang, Weize
NIDA-CTN-0032 www

Supported by a grant from the National Institute on Drug Abuse to the University of Washington Alcohol and Drug Abuse Institute.
The materials on this site have neither been created nor reviewed by NIDA.
Updated 3/2016 --