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Psychosocial Relationship Status and Quality as Predictors of Intervention Adherence and Substance Use Outcomes: Results from the STRIDE (CTN-0037) Study.

Psychiatry Research 2017 (in press). [doi: 10.1016/j.psychres.2017.04.062]

Joseph M. Trombello, PhD, Thomas Carmody, PhD, Tracy L. Greer, PhD, N. Robina Walker, PhD, Chad Rethorst, PhD, Madhukar H. Trivedi, MD (All from University of Texas, TX Node).

Social/intimate relationship status and quality are associated with health-promoting behaviors, while living alone or isolated are adversely associated with physical and mental health outcomes. There has been limited investigation of how particular components of one's social environment--usual living arrangements, satisfaction with those arrangements, and global social and family discord--are related to substance use reduction and intervention adherence.

This study investigated these questions in 270 individuals receiving a study intervention for stimulant abuse/dependence through the multi-site Stimulant Reduction Intervention using Dosed Exercise (CTN-0037) trial.

Using mixed effects modeling, the study found that:

  • Socially-discordant individuals used stimulants more often during intervention.
  • Women who were dissatisfied living alone also used stimulants more frequently.
  • Living with a non-partner was associated with greater intervention adherence.

Conclusions: These results identify sample subgroups with adverse stimulant use and intervention adherence outcomes and suggest areas for future inquiry/intervention. (Article (Peer-Reviewed), PDF, English, 2017)

Keywords: Cocaine | CTN platform/ancillary study | Exercise | Gender differences | Stimulant abuse | Women | Psychiatry Research (journal)

Document No: 1266.

Submitted by Jack Blaine, 5/23/2015.

AUTHORS SEARCH LINK
Joseph M. Trombello mail
Carmody, Thomas mail
Greer, Tracy L. mail
N. Robina Walker mail
Chad Rethorst mail
Trivedi, Madhukar H. mail
PARTICIPATING NODES
Texas search www
Delaware Valley search www
Florida Node Alliance search www
Greater New York search www
Ohio Valley search www
Southern Consortium search www

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Supported by a grant from the National Institute on Drug Abuse to the University of Washington Alcohol and Drug Abuse Institute.
The materials on this site have neither been created nor reviewed by NIDA.
Updated 5/2017 -- http://ctndisseminationlibrary.org/display/1266.htm
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