American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse 2018 (in press). [doi: 10.1080/00952990.2017.1417417]
Anna Pagano, PhD (Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation), Noah R. Gubner, PhD (University of California, San Francisco), Thao Le (University of California, San Francisco), Joseph R. Guydish, PhD, MPH (University of California, San Francisco).
Differences in tobacco use behaviors have been identified between Latinos and non-Latino whites in the general US population. Little is known about cigarette smoking and quitting behaviors of Latinos in treatment for substance use disorders (SUDs), who represent two major tobacco-vulnerable groups. This study aimed to compare, in a national sample of persons enrolled in SUD treatment, demographic, drug use, and smoking and quitting prevalence and behaviors between Latinos and non-Latino whites. Researchers surveyed 777 SUD treatment clients, sampled from 24 clinics selected at random from the NIDA Clinical Trials Network (Latino client n=141; 40% female). Univariate and multivariate analyses were then conducted to identify correlates of smoking behaviors by Latino/non-Latino white ethnicity.
Latinos' smoking prevalence resembled that of non-Latino whites (78.7% vs. 77.4%). In regression analyses, Latino smokers (n=111) tended to smoke fewer cigarettes per day (CPD) than non-Latino white smokers (n=492), were more often nondaily smokers and menthol smokers, more often reported a smoking quit attempt in the last year, and tended to report higher numbers of past-year quit attempts. Among Latino smokers, those with less education and those reporting opioids as their primary drug of use reported higher CPD.
Conclusions: Latinos in SUD treatment are at equally high risk of being current heavy smokers as compared to non-Latino whites in SUD treatment. At the same time, Latinos in SUD treatment exhibit ethnic-specific smoking and quitting behaviors that should be considered when designing smoking interventions for this group. Ethnic minorities and persons with SUDs are treated within health policy and scientific literature as distinct groups with specific risk factors for tobacco use and related disease, but in everyday life individuals occupy more than one social category. Thus, tobacco cessation efforts must confront multiple sources of risk and inequality to reach intersectional populations such as Latinos with SUDs. The findings presented here not only attest to the complexity of such efforts, but also signal their necessity. (Article (Peer-Reviewed), PDF, English, 2018)
Keywords: CTN platform/ancillary study | Hispanics and Latinos | Menthol cigarettes | Minority groups | Smoking | Smoking cessation | American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse (journal)
Document No: 1305, PMID: 29333890, PMCID: PMC6046273 (available 7/15/2019).
Submitted by CTN Dissemination Librarians, 3/29/2018.