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Teaching Condom Use Skills: Hands On Practice is Superior to Observation.

Poster presented at the XVI International AIDS Society (IAS) Conference, Toronto, Canada, August 13-18, 2006.

Donald Calsyn, PhD, Mary A. Hatch-Maillette, PhD, Suzanne Doyle, PhD (Alcohol & Drug Abuse Institute, University of Washington, PN Node), Sarah J. Cousins (Matrix Institute, PR Node), TeChieh Chen (San Francisco General Hospital, UCSF, CA/AZ Node).

HIV/STI prevention efforts with substance abusers usually include a condom use skills component. As part of protocol CTN-0018 (Reducing HIV/STD Risk Behaviors: A Research Study for Men in Drug Abuse Treatment), men were enrolled into a randomized comparison of a five session (over 3 weeks), gender-specific HIV prevention intervention with a single-session HIV education intervention, and were administered male and female condom use skill measures. Measures were given at pre-intervention and at two weeks post-intervention. The hypothesis was that participants exposed to a "hands on" practice exercise would perform better on condom use skills measures than those exposed only to a demonstration of correct condom use. It was also predicted that both groups would perform better than participants exposed to neither intervention. Analyses of covariance on the post-intervention scores (baseline scores as covariate) comparing DO, HO, and NS groups on the MCUS (F=68.09, p<.0001) and the FCUS (F=60.24, p<.0001) were significant. Post hoc analyses (Bonferonni corrected) indicated that at post intervention, the HO group scored significantly higher on the MCUS (M=10.88, SD=2.52) than the DO (M=8.92, SD=2.31) and NS (M=7.74, SD=2.28) groups. Post hoc analyses also indicated that at post intervention, the HO group scored significantly higher on the FCUS (M=9.60, SD=2.26) than the DO (M=7.65, SD=2.32) and NS (M=6.15, SD=2.28) groups. The DO group scored significantly higher than the NS group on both the MCUS and FCUS. In conclusion, a “hands on” practice of condom use was superior in teaching condom use skills than a condom use demonstration, which was superior to no intervention. (Poster, PowerPoint slides, English, 2006)

Keywords: Assessment | Condom use | Gender-specific interventions | HIV/AIDS | Sexual risk behavior | Sexually transmitted diseases | Training | International AIDS Society (IAS) Conference, 2006

Document No: 142

Submitted by Donald Calsyn, PhD, Lead Investigator (8/21/2006).

AUTHORS SEARCH LINK
Calsyn, Donald A. search mail
Chen, TeChieh search mail
Cousins, Sarah J. search mail
Doyle, Suzanne search mail
Hatch-Maillette, Mary A. search mail
PROTOCOLS
NIDA-CTN-0018 search www
PARTICIPATING NODES
Pacific Northwest (Lead) search www
Delaware Valley search www
Greater New York (formerly Long Island) search www
New England Consortium (formerly New England) search www
North Carolina search www
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Supported by a grant from the National Institute on Drug Abuse to the University of Washington Alcohol and Drug Abuse Institute.
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