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Teaching Condom Use Skills: Hands On Practice is Superior to Observation.

Poster presented at the XVI International AIDS Society (IAS) Conference, Toronto, Canada, August 13-18, 2006.

Donald Calsyn, PhD, Mary A. Hatch-Maillette, PhD, Suzanne Doyle, PhD (Alcohol & Drug Abuse Institute, University of Washington, PN Node), Sarah J. Cousins (Matrix Institute, PR Node), TeChieh Chen (San Francisco General Hospital, UCSF, CA/AZ Node).

HIV/STI prevention efforts with substance abusers usually include a condom use skills component. As part of protocol CTN-0018 (Reducing HIV/STD Risk Behaviors: A Research Study for Men in Drug Abuse Treatment), men were enrolled into a randomized comparison of a five session (over 3 weeks), gender-specific HIV prevention intervention with a single-session HIV education intervention, and were administered male and female condom use skill measures. Measures were given at pre-intervention and at two weeks post-intervention. The hypothesis was that participants exposed to a "hands on" practice exercise would perform better on condom use skills measures than those exposed only to a demonstration of correct condom use. It was also predicted that both groups would perform better than participants exposed to neither intervention. Analyses of covariance on the post-intervention scores (baseline scores as covariate) comparing DO, HO, and NS groups on the MCUS (F=68.09, p<.0001) and the FCUS (F=60.24, p<.0001) were significant. Post hoc analyses (Bonferonni corrected) indicated that at post intervention, the HO group scored significantly higher on the MCUS (M=10.88, SD=2.52) than the DO (M=8.92, SD=2.31) and NS (M=7.74, SD=2.28) groups. Post hoc analyses also indicated that at post intervention, the HO group scored significantly higher on the FCUS (M=9.60, SD=2.26) than the DO (M=7.65, SD=2.32) and NS (M=6.15, SD=2.28) groups. The DO group scored significantly higher than the NS group on both the MCUS and FCUS. In conclusion, a “hands on” practice of condom use was superior in teaching condom use skills than a condom use demonstration, which was superior to no intervention. (Poster, PowerPoint slides, English, 2006)

Keywords: Assessment | Condom use | Gender-specific interventions | HIV/AIDS | Sexual risk behavior | Sexually transmitted diseases | Training | International AIDS Society (IAS) Conference, 2006

Document No: 142

Submitted by Donald Calsyn, PhD, Lead Investigator (8/21/2006).

Calsyn, Donald A. search mail
Chen, TeChieh search mail
Cousins, Sarah J. search mail
Doyle, Suzanne search mail
Hatch-Maillette, Mary A. search mail
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