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Efficacy of a Gender Specific HIV Prevention for Men in Substance Abuse Treatment.

Poster presented at the XVI International AIDS Society (IAS) Conference, Toronto, Canada, August 13-18, 2006.

Donald Calsyn, PhD, Mary A. Hatch-Maillette, PhD, Suzanne Doyle, PhD, Sara B. Berns, PhD (Alcohol & Drug Abuse Institute, University of Washington, PN Node), Paul Crits-Christoph, PhD (Treatment Research Institute, DV Node), Yong S. Song, PhD (San Francisco VA Medical Center, UCSF, CA/AZ Node), Judith M. Harrer, PhD (University of Cincinnati, OV Node), Genise Lalos (Prestera Center for Mental Health Services, OV Node).

This poster describes protocol CTN-0018, "Reducing HIV/STD Risk Behaviors: A Research Study for Men in Drug Abuse Treatment." One of the objectives of this study was to compare the efficacy of a five session (over 3 weeks) gender-specific HIV prevention group intervention (Real Men Are Safe, REMAS), with a single-session HIV education group intervention (HIV-Ed). Sexually active men in substance abuse treatment volunteering for the study were randomly assigned to attend either REMAS or HIV-Ed. Sexual risk assessments were conducted via audio computerized assisted interview at pre-intervention and then two weeks, 3 months, and 6 months post-intervention. The study focused on condom use during most recent sexual event from the 2-week post-assessment.

Results showed that, in logistic regression models, REMAS attendance was positively related to condom use for most recent sexual event at the 2-week post-assessment for the high risk participants, but not for the low risk participants. For high risk individuals the odds of condom use at the post-intervention assessment were 8.23 (p=.0005) for REMAS compared to NS, and 2.16 (p=.064) compared to HIV-Ed. The odds of condom use was 3.81 (p=.021) for HIV-Ed compared to NS, For high risk participants the change in percent of subjects using condoms for most recent sexual event from pre to 2-week post assessment was: REMAS, 19.57% to 52.17%; HIV-Ed, 18.18% to 34.85%; NS, 16.22% to 13.51%. In conclusion, attendance at a gender specific HIV prevention intervention for men in substance abuse treatment was related to a greater likelihood of condom use than associated with non-attendance or attendance at a single session HIV Education group. (Poster, PowerPoint slides, English, 2006)

Keywords: Assessment | Condom use | Gender-specific interventions | HIV/AIDS | Sexual risk behavior | Sexually transmitted diseases | International AIDS Society (IAS) Conference, 2006

Document No: 143

Submitted by Donald Calsyn, PhD, Lead Investigator (8/21/2006).

Berns, Sara B. search
Calsyn, Donald A. search mail
Crits-Christoph, Paul search mail
Doyle, Suzanne search mail
Harrer, Judith M. search
Hatch-Maillette, Mary A. search mail
Lalos, Genise search mail
Song, Yong S. search mail
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