Journal of Addiction Medicine 2007;1(3):154-160.
Malcolm S. Reid, Ph.D. (New York University School of Medicine, NY Node), Bryan Fallon, PhD (Mount Sinai Hospital, NY Node), Susan C. Sonne, PharmD (Medical University of South Carolina, SC Node), Edward V. Nuñes, MD (Columbia University and New York State Psychiatric Institute, LI Node), Jennifer Lima, MPH (New York State Psychiatric Institute, LI Node), Huiping Jiang, PhD (New York State Psychiatric Institute, LI Node), Clare Tyson, MA (Medical University of South Carolina, SC Node), Robert Hiott, MEd (Behavioral Health Services of Pickens County, SC Node), Cynthia L. Arfken, PhD (Wayne State University, GL Node), Rhonda Bohs, PhD (Miami Behavioral Health Center, FL Node), Deborah Orr, PhD (Center for Drug-Free Living, FL Node), Joan A. Muir, PhD (University of Miami Center for Family Studies, FL Node), Eric Pihlgren, PhD (Wayne State University, GL Node), Amy Loree, BA (McLean Hospital, NNE Node), Bret E. Fuller, PhD (Oregon Health & Science University, OR/HI Node), Louis Giordano, RhD (Duke University, NC Node), James A, Robinson, MEd (Nathan Kline Institute for Psychiatric Reserach, NY/LI Node), John Rotrosen, MD (New York University, NY Node).
Cigarette smoking is widely prevalent among individuals in treatment for drug or alcohol dependence; however, the treatment of nicotine addiction in this population has numerous obstacles at both programmatic and patient levels. Despite these difficulties, recent studies have demonstrated moderate success in implementing smoking cessation treatment in drug rehabilitation programs. The National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network sponsored a smoking cessation study (CTN-0009, "Smoking Cessation Treatment with Transdermal Nicotine Replacement Therapy in Substance Abuse Rehabilitation Programs") in 13 community-based outpatient substance abuse rehabilitation programs across the country. The study evaluated the effectiveness of smoking cessation treatment provided as an adjunct to substance abuse treatment-as-usual. This report summarizes the practical and clinical experiences encountered at each of the study sties with regard to implementing the smoking cessation treatment intervention. Smoking behavior of the treatment clientele was assessed by anonymous survey at each site. In addition, sites were systematically characterized by using program review and assessment tools completed by the respective staff and program directors at the site. Survey and recruitment data indicated that cigarette smoking is more prevalent and that smoking cessation treatment is more feasible, in methadone maintenance treatment programs. Other factors associated with smoking behavior and with the recruitment of drug- and alcohol-dependent individuals into the smoking cessation treatment study are described. (Article (Peer-Reviewed), PDF, English, 2007)
Keywords: Community health services | Methadone maintenance | Nicotine replacement therapy | Pharmacological therapy | Smoking | Journal of Addiction Medicine (journal)
Document No: 243
Submitted by the CTN Dissemination Librarians, 9/25/2007.