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Addressing Tobacco Use Through Organizational Change: A Case Study of an Addiction Treatment Organization.

Journal of Psychoactive Drugs 2007;39(4):451-459.

Douglas M. Ziedonis, MD, MPH (University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA), Lucy Zammarelli (Willamette Family Treatment Services, OR/HI Node), Gregory Seward, MSHCA (University of Massachusetts Memorial Medical Center, Worcester, MA), Karen Oliver (Willamette Family Treatment Services, OR/HI Node), Joseph R. Guydish, PhD (Institute for Health Policy Studies, University of California, San Francisco, CA/AZ Node), Marie Hobard, MD (University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA), Bruce Meltzer, MD (University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA).

Compared to the general population, persons entering addiction treatment are three to four times more likely to be tobacco dependent and even addiction treatment staff members are two to three times more likely to be tobacco dependent. In these settings, tobacco use continues to be the norm; however, addiction treatment programs are increasingly aware of the need to assess for and treat tobacco dependence. The problem is a cultural issue that is so ingrained that assumptions about tobacco use and dependence in addiction treatment are rarely questioned. Denial, minimization, and rationalization are common barriers to recovery from other addictions; now is the time to recognize how tobacco use and dependence must be similarly approached. This article describes the Addressing Tobacco through Organizational Change (ATTOC) model, which has successfully helped many addiction treatment programs to more effectively address tobacco use. The article will review the six core strategies used to implement the ATTOC intervention, the 12-step approach guiding the model, and describe a case study where the intervention as implemented in one clinic setting (at Willamette Family Treatment Services, part of the CTN Oregon/Hawaii Node). Other treatment programs may use the experience and lessons learned from this CTN platform study about the ATTOC organization change model to better address tobacco use in the context of drug abuse treatment. (Article (Peer-Reviewed), PDF, English, 2007)

Keywords: Adolescents | Attitudes of health personnel | Community health services | Counselors | CTN platform/ancillary study | Health services research | Smoking | Journal of Psychoactive Drugs (journal)

Document No: 258, PMID: 18303701, PMCID: PMC2981503

Submitted by Joseph Guydish, PhD, Associate Director, Institute for Health Policy Studies, University of California, San Francisco, 1/30/2008.

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