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Infrequent Illicit Methadone Use among Stimulant-Using Patients in Methadone Maintenance Treatment Programs: A National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network Study.

American Journal on Addictions 2008;17(4):304-311.[doi: 10.1080/10550490802138913]

Li-Tzy Wu, ScD (Duke University Medical Center, NIDA Data and Statistics Center), Dan G. Blazer, MD, PhD (Duke University Medical Center, NIDA Data and Statistics Center), Maxine L. Stitzer, PhD (Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, MA Node), Ashwin A. Patkar, MD (Duke University Medical Center, NIDA Data and Statistics Center), Jack D. Blaine, MD (NIDA Center for the Clinical Trials Network (CCTN)).

This CTN ancillary investigation sought to determine the prevalence, patterns, and correlates of past-month illicit methadone use and history of regular illicit use among stimulant-using methadone maintenance treatment patients. Statistical analyses were performed on data from the public-use files of a multisite study of the National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network (CTN-0007: Motivational Incentives for Enhanced Drug Abuse Recovery: Methadone Clinics). This self-reported information provided information on illicit methadone use from 383 participants recruited from six community-based methadone maintenance programs. Overall, 1.6% of participants reported illicit use in the past month, and 4.7% reported a history of regular use. Younger age and history of outpatient psychological treatment were associated with increased odds of past-month illicit use. Illicit methadone use among patients in maintenance programs is infrequent; however, a number of factors may increase risk of illicit use. (Article (Peer-Reviewed), PDF, English, 2008)

Keywords: CTN platform/ancillary study | Methadone maintenance | Stimulant abuse | American Journal on Addictions (journal)

Document No: 287, PMID: 18612886, PMCID: PMC2746380

Submitted by CTN Dissemination Librarians, 7/12/2008.

AUTHORS SEARCH LINK
Blaine, Jack D. search mail
Blazer, Dan G. search mail
Patkar, Ashwin A. search mail
Stitzer, Maxine L. search mail
Wu, Li-Tzy search mail
PROTOCOLS
NIDA-CTN-0007 search www

Supported by a grant from the National Institute on Drug Abuse to the University of Washington Alcohol and Drug Abuse Institute.
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