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CTN-0018
Primary
Outcomes

Motivational and Skills Training HIV/Sexually Transmitted Infection Sexual Risk Reduction Groups for Men.

Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment 2009;37:138-150. [doi: 10.1016/j.jsat.2008.11.008]

Donald A. Calsyn, PhD (Alcohol & Drug Abuse Institute, University of Washington, PN Node), Mary A. Hatch-Maillette, PhD (Alcohol & Drug Abuse Institute, University of Washington, PN Node), Susan Tross, PhD (Columbia University, NY Psychiatric Institute, LI Node), Suzanne R. Doyle, PhD (Alcohol & Drug Abuse Institute, University of Washington, PN Node), Paul Crits-Christoph, PhD (Treatment Research Center, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, DV Node), Yong S. Song, PhD (SF VA Medical Center, CA/AZ Node), Judith M. Harrer, PhD (University of Cincinnati, OV Node), Genise Lalos, MA (Prestera Center for Mental Health Services, OV Node), Sara B. Berns, PhD (Alcohol & Drug Abuse Institute, University of Washington, PN Node).

This is the Primary Outcomes Article for CTN-0018. The effectiveness of a motivational and skills training HIV/AIDS group intervention designed for men in substance abuse treatment was evaluated in protocol CTN-0018 ("Reducing HIV/STD Risk Behaviors: A Research Study for Men in Drug Abuse Treatment"). Men in methadone maintenance (n = 288) or outpatient psychosocial treatment (n = 302) completed assessments at baseline, 2 weeks, 3 months, and 6 months postintervention. Participants were randomly assigned to attend either Real Men Are Safe (REMAS; five sessions containing information, motivational exercises, and skills training) or HIV education (HIV-Ed; one session containing HIV prevention information). REMAS participants engaged in significantly fewer unprotected vaginal and anal sexual intercourse occasions (USO) during the 90 days prior to the 3- and 6-month follow-ups than HIV-Ed participants. Completing REMAS resulted in an even stronger effect: Completers reduced their number of USO by 21% from baseline to 6-month follow-up. In contrast, HIV-Ed completers increased the number of USO by 2%.

Conclusions: A motivational and skills training HIV prevention intervention designed for men was associated with greater sexual risk reduction over standard HIV-Ed. Substance abuse treatment programs can therefore help reduce sexual risk among their clientele by providing a more intensive intervention than what is traditionally provided. (Article, Peer-Reviewed, PDF, English, 2009)

Keywords: Community health services | Condom use | CTN primary outcomes | Gender-specific interventions | HIV/AIDS | Real Men Are Safe (REMAS) | Sexual risk behavior | Sexually transmitted diseases | Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment (journal)

Document No: 337, PMID: 19150206, PMCID: PMC2749552

Submitted by CTN Dissemination Librarians, 1/17/2009.

AUTHORS SEARCH LINK
Berns, Sara search
Calsyn, Donald A. search mail
Crits-Christoph, Paul search mail
Doyle, Suzanne search mail
Harrer, Judith M. search
Hatch-Maillette, Mary A. search mail
Lalos, Genise search mail
Song, Yong S. search mail
Tross, Susan search mail
PROTOCOLS
NIDA-CTN-0018 search www
PARTICIPATING NODES
Pacific Northwest (Lead) search www
Delaware Valley search www
Greater New York (formerly Long Island) search www
New England Consortium (formerly New England) search www
North Carolina search www
Ohio Valley search www
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Supported by a grant from the National Institute on Drug Abuse to the University of Washington Alcohol and Drug Abuse Institute.
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