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Development of the Smoking Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices (S-KAP) Instrument.

Journal of Drug Issues 2009;39(2):347-364

Kevin L. Delucchi, PhD, Barbara M. Tajima, MEd, Joseph R. Guydish, PhD (all from Institute for Health Policy Studies, University of California, San Francisco, CA/AZ Node)

This report describes the development and measurement characteristics of a new measure of smoking knowledge, attitudes, and practices (S-KAP) among treatment providers. It was developed as part of the CTN platform project, "Addressing Tobacco through Organizational Change (ATTOC)," which implemented and tested a manualized intervention designed to support treatment programs in efforts to better address nicotine dependence. Data in this report are based on survey responses from 336 paid staff working in one of three drug abuse treatment or HIV care settings. Exploratory factor analysis, used to examine the factor structure, pointed towards five underlying factors: a single "knowledge" factor, three "attitude" factors ("treatment barriers," "counselor self-efficacy," and "counselor attitudes") and a single "practices" factor. The Knowledge scale had a standardized Cronbach's alpha coefficient of .91. The coefficients for Barriers, Self-Efficacy, and Attitudes were .81, .72, and .74 respectively. The Practice scale had a standardized Cronbach's alpha coefficient of .91. These results indicate that the proposed scales have reasonably good psychometric characteristics and will allow researchers to quantify staff knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding smoking cessation treatments and issues. (Article (Peer-Reviewed), PDF, English, 2009)

Keywords: Attitudes of health personnel | Community health services | Counselors | CTN platform/ancillary study | Screening and assessment instruments | Smoking | Smoking Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices (S-KAP) scale | Journal of Drug Issues (journal)

Document No: 394, PMID: 20717496, PMCID: PMC2921865

Submitted by Joseph Guydish, University of California, San Francisco, CA/AZ Node, 8/28/2009.


Delucchi, Kevin L. search mail
Guydish, Joseph R. search mail
Tajima, Barbara M. search mail
New England Consortium (formerly Northern New England) www
Western States (formerly California/Arizona) www

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Supported by a grant from the National Institute on Drug Abuse to the University of Washington Alcohol and Drug Abuse Institute.
The materials on this site have neither been created nor reviewed by NIDA.
Updated 8/2009 --
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