Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment 2010;38(suppl 1):S53-S60. [doi: 10.1016/j.jsat.2010.01.009]
Walter Ling, MD (Integrated Substance Abuse Programs(ISAP), UCLA, PR Node), Petra Jacobs, MD (NIDA Center for the Clinical Trials Network (CCTN)), Maureen Hillhouse, PhD (ISAP, UCLA, PR Node), Albert Hasson, MSW (ISAP, UCLA, PR Node), Christie Thomas, MPH (ISAP, UCLA, PR Node), Thomas E. Freese, PhD (ISAP, UCLA, PR Node), Steven Sparenborg, PhD (NIDA CCTN), Dennis McCarty, PhD (Oregon Health & Science University, OR/HI Node), Roger D. Weiss, MD (Harvard Medical School, NNE Node), Andrew J. Saxon, MD (VA Puget Sound Health Care System, PN Node), Allan J. Cohen, MA, MFT (Bay Area Addiction Research & Treatment, PR Node), Michele M. Straus, RPh, MS (NIDA CCTN), Gregory S. Brigham, PhD (Maryhaven, Inc., OV Node), David S. Liu, MD (NIDA CCTN), Paul McLaughlin, MA (Hartford Dispensary, NE Node), Betty Tai, PhD (NIDA CCTN).
The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) established the National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network (CTN) in 1999 to bring researchers and treatment providers together to develop a clinically relevant research agenda. Initial CTN efforts addressed the use of buprenorphine, a mu-opioid partial agonist, as treatment for opioid dependence. Strong evidence of buprenorphine's therpeutic efficacy was demonstrated in cilnical trials involving several thousand opioid-dependent participants, and in 2002, the Food and Drug Administration approved buprenorphine for the treatment of opioid dependence. With the advent of a sublingual tablet containing both buprenorphine and naloxone to mitigate abuse and diversion (Suboxone), buprenorphine appeared poised to be the first-line treatment for opioid addiction. Notwithstanding its many attributes, certain implementation barriers remained to be addressed in CTN studies, and these efforts have brought a body of knowledge on buprenorphine to frontline clinicians. The purpose of this article is to review CTN-based buprenorphine research (four completed protocols and two ongoing ones) and related efforts to overcome challenges to the implementation of buprenorphine therapy in mainstream practice. Furthermore, this article explores current issues and future challenges that may require additional CTN efforts. CTN researchers and CTPs are currently engaged in a consensus-building process to develop a clinical trial to assess the safety and utility of buprenorphine given concurrently with naltrexone for the treatment of opioid and cocaine addiction, with the hope that buprenorphine will next become a successful part of the armamentarium for cocaine addiction. (Article (Peer-Reviewed), PDF, English, 2010)
Keywords: Adoption of interventions | Blending Team Products | Buprenorphine/Naloxone | Cocaine | Community health services | CTN 10-year anniversary | Dissemination | Heroin | Opioid dependence | Opioid detoxification | Pharmacological therapy | Pre
scription-type opiates | Suboxone | Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment (journal)
Document No: 431, PMID: 20307796, PMCID: PMC2853172.
Submitted by CTN Dissemination Librarians, 3/22/2010