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The Efficacy of Motivational Enhancement Therapy for African American Substance Users.

Poster presented at the NIDA Blending Conference, "Blending Addiction Science and Practice: Evidence-Based Treatment and Prevention in Diverse Populations and Settings," Albuquerque, NM, April 22-23, 2010.

LaTrice Montgomery, MA (University of Cincinnati, OV Node), Ann Kathleen Burlew, PhD (University of Cinncinati, OV Node), Andrzej S. Kosinski, PhD (Duke Clinical Research Institute, CTN Data and Statistics Center), Alyssa A. Forcehimes, PhD (Center on Alcoholism, Substance Abuse and Addictions, University of New Mexico, SW Node).

Low retention rates among African Americans in substance abuse treatment combined with the limited number of treatments with demonstrated efficacy for African American substance users are both public health concerns. This secondary analysis of data from protocol CTN-0004 ("MET (Motivational Enhancement Treatment) to Improve Treatment Engagement and Outcome in Subjects Seeking Treatment for Substance Abuse") was designed to address these concerns by determining the efficacy of MET for increasing retention and reducing drug use among African Americans who abuse substances (i.e., alcohol, cocaine, marijuana, opioids, benzodiazepines, methamphetamine, and other drugs). MET is a client-centered approach grounded in Motivational Interviewing (MI) that enhances intrinsic motivation in the client to change their behaviors. The study found that MET was associated with better retention for African American females, however the fact this finding was evident for females but not males suggests that the benefits of MET may vary for specific subgroups of African Americans. Future studies should focus on identifying these subgroups, as well on examining whether a culturally adapted version of MET might yield better outcomes in general for an African American population. (Poster, PowerPoint slides, English, 2010)

Keywords: African Americans | Behavior therapy | CTN platform/ancillary study | Gender differences | Minority groups | Motivational Enhancement Therapy (MET) | Motivational interviewing (MI) | Retention - Treatment | Women | NIDA Blending Conference, 2010

Document No: 466

Submitted by LaTrice Montgomery, MA, University of Cincinnati (OV Node), 5/20/2010.

Burlew, Ann Kathleen search mail
Forcehimes, Alyssa A. search mail
Kosinski, Andrzej S. search mail
Montgomery, LaTrice search mail
NIDA-CTN-0004 search www
North Carolina (Lead) search www
Great Lakes Regional search www
Southern Consortium search www

Supported by a grant from the National Institute on Drug Abuse to the University of Washington Alcohol and Drug Abuse Institute.
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