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HIV/AIDS-Related Health Services in Substance Abuse Treatment Programs.

Presented at the College on Problems of Drug Dependence (CPDD) annual meeting, Scottsdale, AZ, June 12-17, 2010.

Lawrence S. Brown Jr., MD, MPH (Addiction Research and Treatment Corporation, NY Node), Steven Allan Kritz, MD (Addiction Research and Treatment Corporation, NY Node), Edmund J. Bini, MD, MPH (Veterans Affairs New York Harbor Healthcare System, NY Node), Benjamin Louie (Addiction Research and Treatment Corporation, NY Node), James A. Robinson, MEd (Nathan Kline Institute for Psychiatric Research, NY/LI Node), Donald Alderson, MS (New York State Psychiatric Institute, NY Node), John Rotrosen, MD (New York University, NY Node).

This study, part of protocol CTN-0012, examined availability of HIV services in substance abuse programs participating in the National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network (CTN), and associations between services, characteristics of programs, and patients treated. The range of HIV-related services provided on-site or via contractual arrangements varied from 10% (pneumococcal vaccination) to 86% (drug testing). HIV antibody testing was provided by 57% of programs located in hospitals, medical schools, and universities as compared to 35% of programs in family health or mental health facilities, 30% of free-standing agencies, and 50% in other settings. Compared to programs without outpatient pharmacotherapy, programs providing outpatient pharmacotherapy provided a higher mean number of HIV-related services for all patients, for newly admitted patients, and for HIV-infected patients. HIV-related services were significantly more available in programs where patients engaged in high risk sexual behaviors and had higher HIV infection rates. The results of this study provide a plausible mechanism of how substance abuse treatment reduces HIV transmission via the availability of HIV prevention and medical services, and provides the basis for future hypothesis testing examining the utilization, effectiveness, and cost-effectiveness of HIV-related health services in substance abuse treatment. Given the public health significance of HIV disease and the role of substance use in its transmission, such studies are imperative. (Presentation, PowerPoint slides, English, 2010)

Keywords: Community health services | Cost-effectiveness | Health services research | HIV/AIDS | Sexually transmitted diseases | College on Problems of Drug Dependence (CPDD) annual meeting, 2010

Document No: 499

Submitted by Steven Kritz, MD, NY Node (6/29/2010).

AUTHORS SEARCH LINK
Alderson, Donald search
Bini, Edmund J. search mail
Brown, Lawrence S. Jr. search mail
Kritz, Steven Allan search mail
Louie, Benjamin search mail
Robinson, James A. search mail
Rotrosen, John search mail
PROTOCOLS
NIDA-CTN-0012 search www
PARTICIPATING NODES
All Nodes and CTPs were asked to participate in this study

Supported by a grant from the National Institute on Drug Abuse to the University of Washington Alcohol and Drug Abuse Institute.
The materials on this site have neither been created nor reviewed by NIDA.
Updated 6/2010 -- http://ctndisseminationlibrary.org/display/499.htm
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