American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 2011;81(2):211-217. [doi: 10.1111/j.1939-0025.2011.01090.x]
Rogerio M. Pinto, PhD (Columbia University School of Social Work, GNY Node), Aimee N. C. Campbell, MSW (New York State Psychiatric Institute, GNY Node), Denise Hien, PhD (City University of New York, GNY Node), Gary Yu, MPH (Columbia University, GNY Node), Prakash Gorroochurn, PhD (Columbia University, GNY Node).
This study aimed to identify factors that influenced retention in the National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network (CTN) protocol, "Women's Treatment for Trauma and Substance Use Disorders." Women (n=46) were recruited from and received treatment in 6 CTN-affiliated sites. Log-linear and logistic models were used to explore factors associated with retention. The mean number of treatment sessions attended was 6.8 (SD=3.9). Women with more education, higher attendance at 12-step meetings, and strong therapeutic alliance between facilitator and participant had better retention rates. Significant site differences were found; the site with the highest retention rate provided child care and had the lowest average monthly intake. To retain women with histories of trauma and substance abuse in "real world" psychiatric settings, emphasis on regulating individual-level and site-related modifiable variables are crucial. In thinking about future efforts to implement this type of treatment, community settings need to be creative in identifying resources that can help women with multiple psychosocial issues and address concrete needs that help women adhere to treatment, such as child-care exchanges, job training, and the development of caring networks and buddy systems. (Article (Peer-Reviewed), PDF, English, 2011)
Keywords: Adoption of interventions | Community health services | Co-occurring disorders | CTN platform/ancillary study | Gender-specific interventions |
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) | Retention - Treatment | Trauma | Women | American Journal of Orthopsychiatry (journal)
Document No: 669, PMID: 21486263, PMCID: PMC3088880..
Submitted by CTN Dissemination Librarians, 5/10/2011.