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Intensive Interventions Reduce Risky Sexual Behaviors.

NIDA Notes 2011;23(5):10-11.

Laura Bonetta (NIDA Notes staff writer).

Multi-session motivational and behavioral training targeted specifically to men or women can cut substance abusers' high-risk sexual behaviors more effectively and enduringly than the typical single preventive educational intervention. In a large-scale test of such interventions in community clinics, male participants in Real Men Are Safe (REMAS: CTN-0018) and female participants in Safer Sex Skills Building (SSB: CTN-0019) workshops made greater reductions in high-risk sexual behavior for a longer period than comparison groups, who were provided a standardized single-session HIV educational intervention designed to mimic those provided in many substance abuse clinics. Moreover, at the 3-month follow-up, male participants receiving the training were less likely than the comparison group to have been under the influence of drugs during their most recent sexual experience. This article describes both these National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network (CTN) studies in more detail, presenting their outcomes and comments on the implications of those outcomes from the study investigators. Manuals for both the REMAS and SSB programs are available in the CTN Dissemination Library. (Newsletter article, HTML/PDF, English, 2011)

Keywords: Community health services | Condom use | Gender-specific interventions | HIV/AIDS | Real Men Are Safe (REMAS) | Safer Sex Skills Building (SSSB) | Sexual risk behavior | Sexually transmitted diseases | Skills building | Women | NIDA Notes (newsletter)

Document No: 680

Submitted by Donald A. Calsyn, PhD, Lead Investigator, CTN-0018, 5/23/2011.

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Supported by a grant from the National Institute on Drug Abuse to the University of Washington Alcohol and Drug Abuse Institute.
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