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Predictors of Relationship Power Among Drug-Involved Women.

Poster presented at the College on Problems of Drug Dependence (CPDD) annual meeting, Hollywood, FL, June 18-23, 2011.

Aimee N. C. Campbell, MSW, PhD (Columbia University School of Social Work, GNY Node), Susan Tross, PhD (New York State Psychiatric Institute, GNY Node), Mei-Chen Hu, PhD (Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health, GNY Node), Martina Pavlicova, PhD (University of Pennsylvania, DV Node), Edward V. Nunes, MD (Columbia University and New York State Psychiatric Institute, LI Node).

Gendered relationship power is commonly linked to women's capability to reduce sexual risk behaviors which can lead to transmission of HIV/AIDS. Drug-involved women have rarely been the focus of research on relationship power; however the interaction of gender, poverty, cumulative stress, and sexuality may uniquely impact this group. This study, part of National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network protocol CTN-0019, offers one of the first explorations of predictors of relationship power over time, as measured by the multidimensional and theoretically grounded Sexual Relationship Power Scale (SRPS). Significant predictors of higher relationship control scores included being younger, having a non-abusive main male partner and only one male partner, and being categorized as androgynous on the BEM Sex Role Inventory. Decision-making dominance was predicted by identifying as African American or Latina, being in a non-abusive relationship, and endorsing traditional masculine sex role attributes. Findings contribute to the understanding of relationship power among this population, influence the refinement and development of relationship power measures, and inform potential HIV prevention intervention components that target heterosexual power dynamics. (Poster, PowerPoint slides, English, 2011)

Keywords: African Americans | BEM Sex Role Inventory (BSRI) | Gender-specific interventions | Hispanics and Latinos | HIV/AIDS | Minority groups | Sexual Relationship Power Scale (SRPS) | Sexual risk behavior | Sexually transmitted diseases | Women | College on Problems of Drug Dependence (CPDD) annual meeting, 2011

Document No: 691

Submitted by Aimee N.C. Campbell, MSW, PhD, GNY Node, 6/22/2011.

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Supported by a grant from the National Institute on Drug Abuse to the University of Washington Alcohol and Drug Abuse Institute.
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