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Item Banks for Alcohol Use from the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS®): Use, Consequences, and Expectancies.

Drug and Alcohol Dependence 2013;130(1-3):167-77. [doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2012.11.002]

Paul A. Pilkonis, PhD, Lan Yu, PhD, Jason Colditz, MEd, Nathan Dodds, Kelly L. Johnston, MPH, Catherine Maihoefer, Angela M. Stover, MA, Dennis C. Daley, PhD (all from University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, AT Node), Dennis McCarty, PhD (Oregon Health & Science University, WS Node).

This article reports on the development and calibration of item banks for alcohol use, negative and positive consequences of alcohol use, and negative and positive expectancies regarding drinking as part of the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS®). Comprehensive literature searches yielded an initial bank of more than 5000 items from over 200 instruments. After qualitative item analysis (including focus groups and cognitive interviewing), 141 items were included in field testing. Items for alcohol use and consequences were written in a first-person, past-tense format with a 30-day time frame and 5 response options reflecting frequency. Items for expectancies were written in a third-person, present-tense format with no time frame specified and 5 response options reflecting intensity. The calibration sample included 1407 respondents, 1000 from the general population (ascertained through an internet panel) and 407 from community treatment programs participating in the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network (CTN). Final banks of 37, 31, 20, 11, and 9 items (108 total items) were calibrated for alcohol use, negative consequences, positive consequences, negative expectancies, and positive expectancies, respectively, using item response theory (IRT). Seven-item static short forms were also developed from each item bank.

Conclusions: Test information curves showed that the PROMIS® item banks provided substantial information in a broad range of severity, making them suitable for treatment, observational, and epidemiological research. For more information about the NIH Roadmap initiative that resulted in the development of the PROMIS, visit (Article (Peer-Reviewed), PDF, English, 2012)

Keywords: Alcohol | Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) | Assessment | CTN platform/ancillary study | Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS®) | Screening and assessment instruments | Self-report | Drug and Alcohol Dependence (journal)

Document No: 935, PMID: 23206377, PMCID: PMC3596476.

Submitted by CTN Dissemination Librarians, 12/10/2012.


Colditz, Jason
Daley, Dennis C. mail
Dodds, Nathan search
Johnston, Kelly L. search
Maihoefer, Catherine
McCarty, Dennis mail
Pilkonis, Paul A. mail
Stover, Angela M.
Yu, Lan
Appalachian Tri-State www
Pacific Northwest www
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